The basic sound signals you should know are shown below. Tap each image to hear an example sound.
A short blast is to be one second long
A prolonged blast is to be between 4 and 6 seconds.
Between each successive signal you should wait 10 seconds or more.
These sounds are to made by power-driven vessels greater than 12 meters (39ft) in length and when operating in a narrow channel and have sighted each other.
I am altering my course to starboard
I am altering my course to port
I am running astern propulsion
The danger signal is general and can be used by anyone to signal disagreement with another vessel’s signal, which may lead to danger or just danger in general to anyone.
Sailboat in Fog
When operating in areas of restricted visibility IE fog, a Sailboat must make the following signal.
I am a sailboat in fog
Remember this by an average sailboat normally has two sails- thus the two shorts toots.
Powerboat if Fog
Where prolonged is a prolonged blast (lasting 4 to 6 seconds) and signals are not more than 2 minutes apart. This signal above (one prolonged and two short) is also the signal for other vessels operating in fog such as vessels towing, broken down, commercial fishing, or restricted in ability to maneuver.
Power driven vessels operating in fog must make the following signal not more than 2 minutes apart.
I am a power driven vessel in fog making way
I am a power driven vessel in fog stopped and making no way
These are international rules. The above list of signals is not exhaustive. For a list of all sound signals visit Rules 32 through 37 of the USCG regs (which again are international).
Finally, a piece of advice: Make sure you have a loud sound making device at hand at all times near the helm available with in 1-2 seconds. The day you will need it is the day you will thank yourself for heeding this advice.
Oh and BTW, that day WILL come – read this story about how it was too late
Solve this problem before Jan 31 2015 and get $10 credit towards any course at NauticEd to be used any time before Feb 15 2015.
If you like exercises like this we will post more – like it on facebook or g+1 it.
On Wednesday October 16th you are going to sail past this port in the morning. There is a shallow area you’d like to pass over. The tidal information you have obtained is as such.
The chart says the depth of the water of the shallow area is 1 meter. You draw one and a half meters and you would like 1 meter below the keel for safety. Summer daylight savings is in effect.
The Tidal Curve for this port is as follows: (click image for downloadable PDF)
Between what times in the morning can you safely pass over the area?
How to get your $10 – post your answer on our NauticEd facebook page with your correct answer and we will drop $10 credit to your account. (if you don’t have a facebook account just send us an email – info at nauticed.org). To redeem it – just use your own promocode that you set up on your referral page when you login. You also gain credit $ with NauticEd when you share your promocode to friends. They get $15 off their first NauticEd Course. Publish your promocode on facebook.
In your answer on facebook ONLY post the times NOT the logic (we want the challenge to remain to others). After Jan 31st we will publish the solution here.
PS there is a clue waiting for you on our NauticEd facebook page. Leave a comment if you want. Just don’t post the answer – let others work for it!
PPS: AS of Monday 26th 8:30 am CST – Only one person has this right – Gregory P
COME ON EVERYONE – most of you will have run aground with your answers.
Sailing Schools and Instructors: Let us know we will post your school name as obtaining the correct answer as a shameless plug.
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If you hate it – Sorry!
Here’s is my New Years Random Rant of Life and Sailing Thoughts.
Please enjoy (or not)!
Did you know that today is the first day of the rest of your life. And coincidently it is the new year so it’s time for some thought about life (mixed in with a little sailing too).
I’m speaking in this article to people who want to mix life up a little, to those who are committed to enjoying life and to those who seek.
To those who have been following many of my articles and watching the development of NauticEd over the past 7 years, you’ll rightly realize that I’m a bit of a renegade; I question the guard and the incumbency, I seek to always make improvements, I don’t take no for an answer, I ask why and why not, I say “might as well” rather than “let me think about it”, I jump expecting a net, and when things seemingly are falling apart – I say “it’s hard from this angle to see how it’s going to work out for the best but … I know it will so I’ll press on, I will get through this”. If I see something wrong I speak up. It’s not that I buck the system at all – I just question the sanity of the system if it is obviously wrong because here’s a big one – I have no time for special interest politics which only buggers up the system. Special interest is not for the populous. It is selfish to the core. I can see special interest a mile off.
My favorite words are: tenacity, audacious, bold, life, innovate, enjoy. And a favorite saying from purportedly the wisest man ever – King Solomon himself said something like “I have travelled many places and seen many things and the best I can make out about life is eat, drink and be merry”.
As Global Director of Education, I have lead NauticEd using a direct culmination of all the above. It could not have been developed if we’d listened to the guard. “It can’t be done”, “You’ll never achieve a global brand with such a small team”, “you won’t surpass the incumbent players”, “bla bla bla”. We can all be glad I never listened to that naysaying space junk.
Yet here we are now as one of the top sailing education companies in the world with students from over 90 countries. And without a doubt, we are the most advanced sailing education system in the world with no one even on the horizon. Our acceptance by the RYA in the UK as a shore based training center was a step jump in global awareness and acceptance. We can now issue the only true global sailing license, the ICC. Wow!
That aside, I’m using this time of the year to issue a challenge. It’s a challenge to be all you can be. Don’t subscribe to the grind. Get out there and make the best of whatever time you have left on this planet. Jump and the net will appear, ask and ye shall receive, plant and therefore reap. From my angle – I see that the Universe – God – Nature – Karma – whoever or whatever laws you subscribe to are really on your side. Humankind would not have made it this far if that was not true.
There is, I know, a lot of faith “in jump and the net will appear”. So note: this is not to be done with out a little preparation (sowing)… read on.
What I’m particularly excited about is that sailing (because it is so green) has a lot of analogies towards the way we can live our lives. With an expert hand, a sailboat can be guided to achieve any destination all the while going with the flow of nature not against it. Once, I read a stupid book that said “if it was easy everyone would do it”. The author kept on saying persevere, persevere, persevere and for years I pushed against the flow only to find out that it is much easier to use the flow. “Use the Force Luke”.
So am I creating my own dichotomy arguments here? “Don’t listen to the crowd” , “go with the flow”, “you can reach any destination”, “stop the mere persevering”. Well, I think it is a balance of listening to the universe and taking careful study and regard for its rules. A sailboat can go anywhere on water but it does need an expert hand. The oceans can throw some massive storms and obstacles at any boat. A good Skipper will wait out a storm or know how to out run it /side step it. The good Skipper will navigate around a dangerous reef, read the charts and the weather, learn what to do in emergencies. To sail into a storm not knowing it is there because of poor weather planning and without storm tactic skills is insanity everyone would agree. To expect luck in a storm or traversing a reef without charts is not a good plan. Thus, a destination is reached and a journey successfully traveled is done by preparation and planning, using the rules of nature. Note that preparation and planning IS part of the rules of nature. You can expect the net because you know it is there.
Another author I read from said “Diligence is the mother of luck”. For me that rings my bell. So a good plan if you want a good and bountiful “lucky” life then is to be diligent, skill up, gain the experience, prepare the boat, wait for a clear day to set the sails but don’t wait to long. Don’t wait for the kids to leave for college, don’t wait till you’re financially secure. This waiting around is killing (spending) your life. They also say that a journey of a thousand miles begins with the first step and I’d equalize that with to sail around the world you first have to sail in your local lake. At boat shows I see many dreamers who would love to sail around the world but haven’t even joined their local yacht club to even get the most basic deck time. What dream can be fulfilled with out preparation? A yacht club is full of very skilled Skippers who are totally willing and enjoy teaching their crew (manytimes by fire however – haa but that is fun too). So what ever your big bold audacious goal, start by sailing in your local lake so to speak.
Following this then; start planning your journey, start the diligence, begin setting small sails now to gain the experience. But whatever you do make sure you get out of that safe harbor – there is no adventure there – there are no nets to practice on.
I’m hoping that you’re getting that the above is not about sailing.
For me, 2015 seems like a particularly good year to get going. Why? For one it is now and now seems like a good time to get going (profound – I know) and two it seems like everyone is talking about achieving stuff by 2020. That only gives us 5 years – better set sails now.
Bringing it back specifically to sailing and being on the water, we’ve had many emails from students stating that reaching their water born goals seemingly conflict with their immediate financial and work goals and so they put off their recreational life goals. We can see that on face value this might seem the case to the layman. However, someone once told me that he had mistakenly spent his health getting his wealth and now was spending his wealth to try unsuccessfully to gain back his health. That he should not have pitted his health and wealth against each other.
In a universal nature, health and wealth work to promote each other. There is an old adage of a dying man never saying he’d wished he’d spent more time in the office. You can bet that the reason he is dying today is that he did not spend enough time on the water relaxing and being at peace, stilling his mind, calming his nervous system, allowing his immune system to be strong, enjoying relationships with people rather than stressing over an excel spread sheet. Dr. Vincent Peale wrote a book called “All you can do is all you can do and all you can do is enough” so true – so true.
As I reflect on this I see what a great job I have. Convincing people here to enjoy life, to take up their own challenge, to educate them so that they are safer doing what they love to do. To inspire people to enjoy life and to enjoy it with others. Imagine this, you’re Skipper on a 45 ft sailboat in the British Virgin Islands anchored up in The Bight – Norman Island with your favorite people on the planet. The sun is setting and a warm 5 knot breeze dries your skin from the refreshing snorkeling you just did at the famous Indians rocks in 85 deg F water. The smell of fresh nutmeg wafts from the tall rum drink with a colored straw and orange garnish.
Whether that is your dream or not, ask yourself “what sails do I need to set today to navigate to that kind of place tomorrow?” Yes continue to imagine and also continue to making them become a reality.
Feeling resistance? Your small voice talking negative crap to you? Consider this as an analogy to how easy it is for your own goal.
Goal: The Bight, Norman Island BVI (realistic time frame from scratch – 2 years)
1 Learn to sail
2 Get some experience (confidence and competence)
3 Round up your mates
4 Book a boat and a flight
5 From Roadtown make your heading 195 deg T past The Indians then round up to about 140 deg T into The Bight.
6 Head to wind and drop anchor
Usually, you’ll find that 1, 2 and 3 are the hardest. They involve work, sticking with it and commitment. But you can see that almost anyone can achieve this – here’s the big BUT. But you have to start and you have to keep moving.
Here’s how to deal with that little naysaying voice on your shoulder. You say “I appreciate your input but I’m going to do it anyway”.
If you want sailing to be part of your life – then make it part of your life. If you’ve started a course, finish it. If you’re thinking about joining a yacht club, join it. If you’re thinking about on the water lessons, call one of our schools. If you’re thinking about gaining your international sailing license (the ICC) then gain it. Nike got it right on – “just do it”.
In closing my new years ranting thoughts; One of the wisest men I have personally met is Peter Daniels. He is a sort after international speaker and self made success from illiterate brick layer to successful business man. He also engages in many global philanthropic projects and I was lucky to see him speak at a little Church in San Antonio, Texas many years ago. His words to me after I asked him “what is the cost of success?” were “the cost is your life – you are going to die – success or not, the cost is always your life”. That rang my bell pretty hard. Hard enough to shake me up and stop me mucking around. It means; whether you are a successful father or not, the cost is your life. Whether you travel the world or not, the cost is your life. Whether you get that nice house or not, the cost is your life. Whether you get to Norman Island or not, the cost is your life. My conclusion: might as well be a successful father, might as well travel the world, might as well get a nice house, might as well get to Norman Island. Why not?
Why not! Might as well!
I am going to die (just not today)!
Today is the first day of the rest of my life!
Hmmm I else can I help people realize their sailing dreams?
Here is a great question from one of our students to one of our Vancouver based instructors at Vancouver Sailing School regarding experience and Rank advancement
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How Can I Rise In Rank To Charter With Out Master of the Boat Experience?
I had assumed that with the courses for Bareboat Charter Master Rank completed and the days authenticated I would see the certificate. I was wrong. It turns out that some of the experience must be as Master of the Vessel. I had put all my experience with you on our cruise and learn outings as crew, not master.
Would it be reasonable to claim that on those days that you assign a student as skipper, that student is for all intents and purposes the master of the vessel for the day? If not I will never get certified until I buy my own boat or do many charters on my own, not as a student. That may be impossible because I may not be able to charter without the BBMC designation.
What do you think? Can I legitimately edit some of my days to reflect Master for the day rather than crew?
And here is our answer to the student and the instructor
When we set out the certification it was based on what the Charter Companies were wanting with some safety logic thrown in as well.
In this case they would not want to charter a boat to someone who has not been master of a vessel.
Akin to giving the keys of a car to a teen ager who has been passenger plenty of times.
Yet we see your dilemma. But charterers want skipper experienced people. If any resume submitted showed no master of the vessel time the client would not be allowed to take the vessel out. We guarantee this, if you show up with a NauticEd BBCM Rank Resume you will be authorized to charter a boat. There are many certifications issued by associations who hand out Bareboat Certificates that are not worth anything. Proof? You can get one with no Master of the vessel experience in 2 weekends. Thus giving a student a massive disappointment with wrong expectations but also giving the student a false sense of security for venturing out to sea. This is irresponsible.
Our Skipper Rank designation exempts Master time to level 1 by having 4 days of instruction. This is fair under your chicken/egg request. However for chartering in unfamiliar waters and big crushing boats and with navigation and tidal issues, and being far from base and shore, there simply and logically MUST be skipper experience.
Under the strict rules then of logic in your scenario – the Instructor would have to say to a student – You are Master of the vessel today and that student would have to for all intents and purposes be Master. The instructor would be there on an advisory basis. Other ways to gain Master experience is to go on friends boats but ask to be Master for that day.
I hope this clears this up.
Be also advised that a charter company may (I believe wrongly) take a student on with out the full certification. They will look for some skipper experience. It is up to them. Our advice however from what we have seen is that we provide a good guide to safety by requesting at least 25 days as the designated master – things happen. Almost every charter trip we take – something happens where by I know a rookie would never figure it out properly. There are too many what if scenarios.
Thanks again for a great question. It is relevant and right on topic. I’ve included our Resume vs a Sailing Certification video here to help understand the logic also.
Director of Education
This article helps you figure out the difference between the courses and which one you should invest in.
The Difference between RYA Day Skipper and the NauticEd Skipper Course
The RYA Day Skipper Course is the prerequisite course to attaining your International Certificate of Competence – the ICC. The ICC is the World’s only Sailing License created under Resolution 40 of the United Nations and is accepted and REQUIRED to sail in European waters.
The RYA Day Skipper Course on NauticEd is very similar in content to the combination NauticEd Skipper Course and the NauticEd Coastal Navigation Course. Thus, if you have purchased the NauticEd Skipper and NauticEd Coastal Navigation Course in the past then you will receive $95 credit towards the Full RYA Day Skipper Course making the RYA Day Skipper Course $255 ($350 – $95).
Why the difference in cost? We must ship to you the RYA charts, Almanacs, Books, Electronic Navigation CD, and a reference book PLUS we must pay a professionally authorized RYA Instructor/Evaluator to physically grade the written (online) exam as most of the exam is not allowed under the United Nations Standard to be multiple choice.
Getting Started Pack
So keeping economy of education in mind, we also designed a getting started package of $155 for those who have not yet begun their education. This package gives access to the RYA Day Skipper Course content BUT with this package, the student can not submit the final exam for grading to the Instructor/Evaluator. The student will need to eventually upgrade to the Full package whereby the “Submit Final Exam” button is activated. The upgrade cost is just the difference of $195. Included, however in the $155 getting started pack is a set of self evaluation test blocks to help the student assess themselves as to how they are progressing and understanding the material. PLUS also included is the RYA charts, Almanacs, Books, Electronic Navigation CD, and a reference book.
The Full package is $350 (or $255 for those who already bought the NauticEd Skipper and Coastal Navigation Courses) – here the Submit Final Exam button is activated and the Instructor/Evaluator fee is prepaid.
To incent the student to go for the full package outright, we offer a free Portland plotter and set of dividers included with the full package.
NauticEd Students who have already purchased the NauticEd Skipper and Coastal Navigation Courses
You receive $95 credit towards the Full Pack
AND for complete autonomy and fairness, you automatically receive free access to the RYA Day Skipper Course – just that you do not have the charts et al to work with. They are provided for free plus the Portland Plotter and dividers when you upgrade to the Full pack $255.
How to purchase the RYA Day Skipper Course
We hope that this helps you realize that we went to a lot of trouble (and software code) to give you credit where credit is due. We very much value our students and want them to feel as though you always get more value than you expect. Not many companies would have gone to this trouble.
We are also very serious about giving you the proper education to help you gain the ICC AND be safe on the water. The United Nations Standards for the ICC are high and rightly so. You will be interacting with tankers and other dangerous traffic in foreign waters, you’ll be on the high seas (and beautiful anchorages), you’ll be in unfamiliar navigable waters with not-your-every-day navigation markers.
The United Nations, RYA and NauticEd want you to be properly schooled AND with that be proud of your accomplishment. The ICC is the ONLY Global Sailing License and you should be excited to hang it on your wall.
Practical and the ICC
You gain the RYA Day Skipper Certificate and gain automatic ICC eligibility once you pass the RYA Day Skipper Online Course and do practical training at an RYA Practical Training Center. There are 500 such schools worldwide including Yachting Education School in Annapolis. If you are completely competent, you may do a one day practical evaluation to pass your practical. If you feel as though you need practical schooling, you do a 5 day training program at the RYA Practical Training Center. Caution, completely competent means “Completely Competent”. You will be tested on navigation, course planning, tides, navigation markers, lights etc.
A Few More Details
At NauticEd we believe heavily in the skill of Maneuvering and Docking. Thus, here is something cool we have done in our software. When you pass the RYA Day Skipper Course and the Maneuvering Under Power Course we award you the NauticEd Skipper Rank (with the caveat of having to achieve the required logged experience in your free logbook). We also automatically award you with passed grades for the NauticEd Skipper Course and the NauticEd Coastal Navigation Course. i.e. everything is autonomous considering that the NauticEd Skipper and Coastal Navigation courses are equivalent to the RYA Day Skipper Course. Same for the Bareboat Charter Master Rank – After RYA Day Skipper, just pass the Anchoring, Electronic Navigation, Bareboat Charter and Maneuvering Courses and you are awarded the Bareboat Charter Rank (with required logged experience). These Ranks give you an indication of how you are progressing with your Sailing Resume. Charter companies will often accept the ICC BUT our beleif is that you want to be properly educated to be safe on the water.
To learn more watch this video
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Ohh ohh hey and please post it on your yacht club notice board. Awesome – thx.
Going Sailing In the Mediterranean? You Might Have a Problem!
The International Certificate of Competence (ICC) is the recreational boating license created under Resolution 40 by the United Nations. Many European countries are now requiring that sailors in their waters have the ICC. This has recently left most North Americans aground when wanting to charter in the Mediterranean.
To gain an ICC, sailors must demonstrate competence by passing a qualifying practical and theory test. The test must be administered through a country who is a signatory to United Nations Resolution 40. And since the USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand did not sign the resolution, none of these countries have been able to authorize any companies to issue the ICC. A distant solution has been available through one such government authorized company in the UK, the Royal Yachting Association (RYA). However, until now RYA has limited options in the USA and Canada.
This week at the Annapolis Boat Show, NauticEd a USA based sailing education company, unveiled its solution by announcing it has recently become an approved RYA Training Center. NauticEd can now deliver the RYA Day Skipper theory course online through high tech eLearning platform. Students then attend anyone of 500 RYA Practical Training Centers world wide including one such practical center in Annapolis Maryland – Yachting Education. Once the student attains the RYA Day Skipper Certificate, the ICC is automatic.
“The process is now extremely simple and accessible” says Grant Headifen, Global Director of Education for NauticEd. “Our Students take the multimedia interactive theory courses online in their own home under their own schedule. Once completed, they visit our affiliated practical center in Annapolis – or any other RYA school worldwide. They have the option of testing out of the practical part in one day if they demonstrate competence or doing a 5 day training spin around the Chesapeake bay”.
NauticEd is in its seventh year of providing online interactive and international multimedia sailing courses to sailors now from over 90 countries. It has gained international respect and recognition from all the top charter companies and top yacht manufacturers such as Beneteau and Lagoon. Its expertise is in helping sailors grow their sailing education and sailing resume so that they are charter qualified. “Yacht charter companies require a sailing resume” Headifen says. “They’re not so interested in a certification because most certifications don’t document actual on-the-water practical experience. When a potential client shows up without a resume loaded with practical experience and completed theory sailing courses, the charter company will decline the client. You need a sailing resume and our cloud based resume fills the ticket. Everything is documented there. Additionally, once the student attains the ICC, they are automatically legally approved for the Med”.
Sailing in Greece, Croatia, Turkey, Spain and France has long been a favorite trip for North Americans once the BVI has been explored. Headifen said he saw this issue of the Med slowly closing off for Americans over the past few years. Now he is excited about providing an easy solution
To learn more about NauticEd go to www.NauticEd.org. To learn more about the ICC, search for International Certificate of Competence on Wikipedia or visit Wikipedia page at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Certificate_of_Competence
To start your RYA Day Skipper Course, navigate here.
If you’re looking for the ICC license, visit NauticEd and take the RYA Day Skipper Course.
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The International Certificate of Competence
aka the ICC – How to get one
To gain the ICC is now a simple process. You gain the RYA Day Skipper Certificate which automatically qualifies you for the ICC. Note that you can not do this process with the ASA because the USA has not signed Resolution 40 and thus ASA is NOT authorized in anyway to issue any government Sailing or Boating License.
Watch this video which discusses the RYA Day Skipper Course – a pre-requisite to gaining the ICC
Gaining the ICC
First pass the online RYA Day Skipper course at NauticEd. The course is quite extensive and covers everything required by the United Nations Resolution 40 which authorizes the ICC. See below for the UN knowledge requirements. No mater your experience, we also guarantee that you will gain some great sailing knowledge.
Once you pass the Online theory Day Skipper Course you attend one of 500 RYA sailing Schools in the world. North Americans should attend the RYA Training Center in Annapolis Maryland – Yachting Education RYA Training Center
Complete the theory requirements for the RYA Day Skipper Course and ICC online at home
The NauticEd RYA Day Skipper course requires a real person to take the time grade your exam and that you do the exam with RYA Charts and an Almanac which we include in the cost of the course. Thus, the cost is a bit more than our regular other eLearning courses.
Essentially, the course is a combination of the NauticEd Skipper Course and the NauticEd Coastal Navigation Course ($95 combined cost). Thus, if you have already purchased these courses, you will gain an approximate equivalent credit for these courses when purchasing the RYA Day Skipper Course.
If the NauticEd courses are not in your curriculum we have provided an easy start method whereby you can gain access to the RYA Day Skipper course for less. For just $155 you gain access to the course and we send to you the RYA charts and materials. Note that you will not yet be able to submit your exam to our RYA instructor if you select this option. - Eventually, you will need to upgrade to the full pack ($195 upgrade) to submit the exam but at least this is a way to get started with a budget in mind.
The full RYA Day Skipper course if you want to start out properly is $350 (with appropriate credit automatically calculated for Skipper and Coastal Navigation Courses purchased prior). When you pass this course – you are issued with the RYA Day Skipper Theory Course and Exam complete certificate. Your practical time on the water after that is a breeze, you’ll be doing no exams on the water.
When completing your practical exam on the water you have 2 choices. If you believe you are competent with international sailing standards below* then you can test out in a one day assessment. If you believe that you could gain knowledge with some professional training take the 5 day vacation/learn spin around the Chesapeake Bay with Yachting Education School or the local area with any of our other 500 RYA affiliated schools worldwide. By the end of the one day or 5 day training, as long as you demonstrate competence to the standard then you will be issued the RYA Day Skipper Certificate. This automatically qualifies you for the ICC and NauticEd will arrange this for you upon passing the theory and Practical.
*Note: there is heavy emphasis on navigation and passage planning in the practical exam thus you should learn and get comfortable with this in the theory training online. Most sailors can not “wing” this one with out some study.
- Purchase and complete the NauticEd RYA Day Skipper course
- Starter pack for $155 Includes Charts and Almanac – exam not graded
- Full Pack for $350 Includes Charts and Almanac plus a Portland chart plotter and Dividers
- Get credit towards the full pack if you have already purchased the NauticEd Skipper and Coastal Navigation Course.
- Reserve a one day assessment or 5 day training outing with an RYA Instructor at and RYA Training Center (500 located worldwide see link above)
Once you complete the RYA Day Skipper Course you are automatically qualified for the ICC
United Nations Resolution 40 ICC Standards for Knowledge
1. For the issue of an international certificate the applicant must:
(a) have reached the age of 16;
(b) be physically and mentally fit to operate a pleasure craft, and in particular, must have sufficient powers of vision and hearing;
(c) have successfully passed an examination to prove the necessary competence
for pleasure craft operation.
2. The applicant has to prove in an examination :
(a) sufficient knowledge of the regulations concerning pleasure craft operation and nautical and technical knowledge required for safe navigation on inland waters and/or coastal waters; and
(b) the ability to apply this knowledge in practice.
3. This examination shall be held with regard to the zones of navigation (i.e. inland waters and/or coastal waters) and must include at least the following specific subjects:
3.1 Sufficient knowledge of the relevant regulations and nautical publications:
Traffic regulations applicable on inland waters, in particular CEVNI (European Code for Inland Waterways), and/or in coastal waters, in particular the Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, including aids to navigation (marking and buoyage of waterways).
3.2 Ability to apply the nautical and technical knowledge in practice:
(a) general knowledge of craft, use and carriage of safety equipment and serviceability of the engine/sails;
(b) operating the craft and understanding the influence of wind, current, interaction and limited keel clearance;
(c) conduct during meeting and overtaking other vessels;
(d) anchoring and mooring under all conditions;
(e) maneuvering in locks and ports;
(f) general knowledge of weather conditions;
(g) general knowledge of navigation, in particular establishing a position and deciding a safe course.
3.3 Conduct under special circumstances:
(a) principles of accident prevention (e.g. man over board manoeuvre);
(b) action in case of collisions, engine failure and running aground, including the sealing of a leak, assistance in cases of emergency;
(c) use of lifesaving devices and equipment;
(d) fire prevention and fire fighting;
(e) avoiding water pollution
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A Sailing Resume beats a Sailing Certification
It’s obvious when you think about it. It’s like Rock Paper Scissors.
Show up to a charter company with a sailing certification and it’s like showing up to a job interview with a degree. You’re going to get an entry level job which is akin to being authorized to charter a dinghy.
Every Charter company asks you every time for a resume. Show up to a job interview with a fully documented resume showing all the experience you have and you’re going to get an upper level management job – akin to getting a 40 foot charter boat ready for you to skipper yourself.
This is why many people are disappointed when they go get a BareBoat Sailing Certification from a random sailing association only to find out that it’s not worth what they thought it was – sure it contributes but it’s about time the sailing associations stopped lying to their own customers. A Bareboat Sailing Certification on its own WILL NOT NOT NOT allow you to charter a boat. Here is proof – the number for Sunsail USA is 877-651-9651. Call them and ask them if they will charter you a boat whereby you will not give them a resume but just a certificate. They will politely request a resume.
You must have a resume in order to charter a boat. You can fill one out on paper – or you can use NauticEd’s free cloud based resume builder. Either way is fine.
Another Variable is the International Certificate of Competence – the ICC. Most countries in Europe require you to have an ICC. And some even specify that it is a jailable offense. The ICC is not hard to get – the easiest way is to pass the RYA Day Skipper Course online at NauticEd and then visit an RYA Practical Training Center for practical training/sign off. In the USA, visit Yachting Education in Annapolis elsewhere find an RYA local training Center here.
You can also do the book work and exam at the Practical training center whilst you’re there – it’s your option – personally we believe getting it done prior to the practical training makes for a better practical training experience. Note: for North Americans, you can not get an ICC from an American based company who uses American training systems. It must come through a country who is a signatory to the United Nations Resolution 40. THe USA and Canada did not sign the resolution and thus the best way for North Americans to get the ICC is to go through the English RYA system. Fortunately, NauticEd has stepped up to provide this course and pathway to gain the ICC.
So if you’re going to Europe, all Charter companies will require an adequate resume AND an ICC. If not Europe then all Charter Companies will require an adequate resume.
So what is an Adequate resume? It’s one where you have believable documented experience as Master of a sailboat within close approximate length to the one you are chartering. When we interviewed charter companies world wide to see what they would accept and what they thought would be average safe experience, their answers were the precursor to our ranking system.
For Bareboat Charter you should document at least 50 days of sailing. 25 at least as master of the vessel and 25 at least on a sailboat larger than 28 ft (8.4 m).
Additionally, you should document theory knowledge. What they wanted to see was knowledge around anchoring, navigation, docking and maneuvering, general sailing and knowledge of bareboating and what to expect. These represent the courses we also require for our Bareboat Charter Master Rank.
Charter companies take notice of documented instructor time but they don’t require it. Certainly it makes them feel more comfortable and this is where a sailing association bareboat “certificate” comes in – it adds to the confidence.
Something else that we did to help charter companies increase their confidence about chartering to a NauticEd student was to implement an Authenticated entry ability into our logbook system. When you go sailing with someone, you click in your logbook that you went out with them. They are sent an email that asks if this was real. If they say yes then it authenticates your entry AND authenticates their entry if they are a student. The NauticEd Resume then shows the amount of time on the water with the % of Authentication.
When you add up the above conversation, you’ll now understand why we built this Resume system as we did. We set out in 2007 with tools such as the internet with burgeoning eLearning technology and the ability for students to login to the cloud and permanently store real life experience data. It’s what a modern education system should look like.
So how do you gain the experience then – read this blog http://www.nauticed.org/sailing-blog/sailing-bucket-list/
Start a NauticEd FREE cloud based sailing resume now. Just set up a free account and start loading up your experience into your resume. Then go to your profile tab and create a logbook code. Give this logbook code to your yacht charter company when you want them to view your sailing resume. They simply visit http://www.nauticed.org/student_verification – you can go there now and view yours or view the example student we have set up there.
Whilst you are entering your experience make sure you add CrewMates to Authenticate your time. If you ever get instructor training, make sure you give to your instructor your logbook code. They will login and verify your practical competence which shows in your resume.
We hope you “get it”, like a job resume – your sailing resume is a living breathing document that should be kept up to date. But it also tells a story about you and your competence. If you were a charter company, who would you charter a boat to - A certificate holder who gained that certificate from a sailing association with low standards on quality enforcement, or a student with a fully documented sailing resume?
On top of all that – our team has a lot of experience in Yacht Charter and we can organise a yacht charter for you – chances are we’ve sailed in every location you want to go. We can fill you in on the best places and charter companies. We don’t charge a fee for this service.
Sign in or sign up now and fill out your sailing logbook.
Go to http://www.nauticed.org/signin
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Tides are often intimidating to sailors and so, many sailors tend to try not to sail in tidal areas or just ignore them hoping that if they stay deep enough there is little to worry about.
The point of this article is to de-intimidate you about tides by explaining the predictive nature and how to access information easily about the local conditions.
But first let’s start with an intimidating situation to set the worst case then we’ll take it up from there.
On a recent trip to the UK we visited Ilfracombe in the south west coast of England. This whole area and further up the coast towards Wales exhibits one of the highest tidal areas on the planet. Ilfracombe has a 9 meter tide – that’s 30 feet for imperial speakers. The point of the visit was to experience this, get the photo and write about it. What we didn’t plan on was a real life threatening situation – not really but sort of – close(ish) – kinda -could have gotten bad – well, at least wet. Read on.
Here is a pic with the tide mostly in in Ilfracombe.
The tide is in – boats happily floating
Here is the same place a few hours later.
The tide is out – boats sitting on the bottom high and dry
9 meters – 30 ft is huge. Ilfracombe as a normal diurnal tide meaning there are two high tides and two low tides every day. From high tide to low tide is around 6 hours and 20 minutes. The rate of water movement for all that to take place over 6.3 hours is hard to conceptualize. As we walked along a flat beach – it seemed like every lap of the waves caused the water to progress up the beach about 6 inches. To experience it is an awesome wonderment.
Throughout the day as we watched, rocks covered and uncovered and some turned into rather large islands from nothing.
Not only is the vertical movement of the tide a concern, but the currents produced from the moving water is of a potential greater concern. We went out fishing on a kayak and were constantly weary of our position moving relative to the land and of the swirling directions of the current flow. 300 meters out we were being pushed in one direction quite fast, 2-3 knots, but closer in we were drifting in the opposite direction at 1-2 knots. And most of the time it was hard to even get the line on the bottom due to the current. According to the extremely hospitable local we stayed with and took us fishing, every year many people have to be rescued from the current. Mostly just due to the under estimation of the conditions. I’m a pretty good and fast swimmer, it takes me about 20 minutes to knock out 1 km in the pool with no waves. That’s swimming at about 1.5 knots. Thus even I would be swept out faster than I could swim.
So what actually happened was that one of our party climbed down onto some rocks to get a better place to fish. An hour later he turned around and was completely cut off from the land by the rising tide. Since it was about half tide the water level was rising quite quick and was pouring over a weir about 6 inches of flow height into a basin created by a walk way that was completely covered and thus stopping his escape. We saved his sole by dropping me off the two person kayak onto land and Martyn returning to go get him. Actually pretty funny and I was grateful it happened to create the story here but… this is the stuff that you hear about. My friend was simply not used to and did not expect such conditions from any experience he has had in the past. Night time and a few waves and cold water and it could have been lights out.
The Rule of Twelves
Slack water occurs at or close to high and low tide. At this time the water is hardly moving and so fishing and swimming can be safe (ish). The highest current times occur at or close to ½ tide. However there is not a linear scale. It’s on a sinusoidal scale and is approximated by the following rule of twelves.First, the rule of twelves is not entirely accurate but it’s not a bad way to think about a rising or falling tide.
The tide rise and fall approximates a sinusoidal curve i.e it starts out slow then increases the fastest at about half tide then slows down to a very slow finish.
See the following animation (best viewed with Chrome or Safari). This is a tide rising over a 6 hour period using the rule of twelves as a basis for tidal rise.
When you push the play button the rising tide goes slow and not much has happened in the first hour, But by 3 the tide is rising fast. In the last hour the tides is rising to it’s final completion slowly.
Thinking linearly you would say that the tide has to rise 30 feet over approx. 6 hours that means 5 feet per hour. But the animation shows 2.5 feet in the first hour. Between 3 and 4 it averages 7.5 feet per hour and the last hour is 2.5 feet. This then is how the rule of twelves helps you approximate a tide in your head.
With the Rule of Twelves you start out with 1/12th rise in the first hour. Then 2/12ths rise in the second hour then 3/12ths rise in the 4rd and 4th hour. Then back down to 2 /12ths in the 5th hour and 1/12th in the 6th hour.
This is an ok approximation to the sine curve. In addition, tides are only approximated by a sine curve. So realize when applying this rule, that it’s an approximation. But not too too bad actually.
In our Ilfracombe 30ft (9m) example here is what the rule of twelves looks like and assuming a 6 hour tide (which it is not there it is 6:20 between high and low tide)
End of hour
||total 12ths inc
tide height ft
Now in reality take a look at this below. This is a screen shot from the World Tides App for Ilfracombe on Sept 27 2014. It shows an 8.1 meter (26.6 ft) tide rise on that day. Low tide is at 2:20pm and high tide is at 8:40 pm. The low tide is 1 meter above the printed chart reported datum. Thus the rise in height that day will be 8.1 meters. (Chart Datum in the UK and most of the world is set at lowest attainable tide levels (LAT) in the USA it is set at Mean Low Low Tide (MLLW)).
Tide at Ilfracombe on Sep 27th 2014
I then plotted the rule of twelves prediction on top of this tide shape. You’ll notice a fairly decent difference.
Tide with rule of twelves plotted
Now in addition – note that the blue area rise and fall of the tide is as predicted and not actual. However, since tide data is so well known, you are well served by assuming the predicted tide will be very close to actual. More on that in a minute.
So really what does this all mean. It means carry with you your iPhone or Android and have it loaded with a tidal App.
Here’s the link for the iOS version:
World Tides 2014
And here is the Google play store search results for tides:
Android – Tides search
With a tidal App you have accurate access to the tide heights at any time of the day in virtually any port in the world. You can see if the tide is coming in (flooding) or going out (ebbing). If you know your eta at a port then you can simply pull out your Tide App and see what height the tide will be.
In addition – most tide Apps DO NOT need a connection to the internet after it is initially downloaded. The data is stored on your device. How is this so? Tides are wonderfully predcitable and we have got them so figured out that the accuracy is usualy with in a few inches at any time. This is because for hundreds of years now we (humankind) have been measuring the height of the tide at points all over the world and comparing those measurements to the positions of the Sun and the Moon. Since the Sun and Moon exactly repeat their combined cycle every 19 years, the tides repeat themselves to the exact heights and cycles every 19 years. It took a lot of work from a lot of people BUT now we have it. Tide prediction is accurate and the data is at your finger tips 24/7.
Don’t be afraid of tides.
In our Coastal Navigation course we have a very detailed discussion of tides going through the theory of prediction, how to predict at subordinate stations and lots of discussion about how to handle current flow due to tides. It is the best Coastal Navigation course available.
Take our Coastal Navigation Course
- Coastal Navigation Course
The Mystery of Determining Longitude
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Have you ever been to Greenwich? If you haven’t, make sure it is on your bucket list. Not only is it a delightful place with a spectacular view of London and the Thames River, but it is the real birth place of “Longitude” and home to some of the most amazing master mathematicians of the burgeoning modern times of the 17 and 18oo’s.
The zero degree line of longitude was selected and placed in Greenwich in 1751 and then later in 1851 it was moved a few feet to align with a new telescope placed at the now zero deg. zero minute, zero second longitude position. This designated line placed on earth is a humankind determined and positioned line. It stretches from the true north pole to the true south pole.
The zero mark could have been placed anywhere on earth. It was placed in Greenwich because of the incredible work being done by the Royal Observatory mathematicians and astronomers. They needed to set a zero point and what better than exactly underneath their telescope The axis of spin of the earth also passes through the north and south poles. This is unlike the zero degree latitude line of the equator. This line is a universally given line and can not by randomly placed by humankind.
In the 1700′s in bars and cafe’s all over the topic of the times was that determining Longitude on the ocean was akin to perpetual motion – it was seemingly impossible. Yet the challenge was there and £20,000 had been put up as cash incentives to inventors to help solve the issue. £10,000 of which was ordered by the King as prize money to the person who could solve it. Longitude was that illusive!
If you understand that in those days because of ships not knowing exactly where they were, there were many shipwrecks costing lives but also huge amounts of money. Thus global positioning was imperative. Latitude had been pretty easily solved much earlier. If you do a noon shot of the sun to determine its angle above the horizon then compare this with tables of the suns angle on a specific day of the year you get your Latitude. But longitude had no such luxury of determination.
I had the luxury of recently visiting Greenwich and was delighted to see and learn about one of my favorite topics. Longitude. Here I am with one foot in the eastern hemisphere and one in the western hemisphere.
The zero degree Meridian Line in Greenwich
What was particularly awesome about my trip was that the Maritime Museum in Greenwich was displaying a whole history tour of “Longitude” and I was actually able to see the time pieces that John Harrison invented to allow ships to keep time at sea and thus solve the Longitude problem and collect the Kings prize.
I highly recommend this short read of the book Longitude.
Variation aka Declination
We discuss Variation/Declination heavily in our NauticEd Coastal Navigation Course. This is the difference between the charted true north and what will read on your compass due to the earths magnetic poles not aligning with the axis poles. Interesting enough, one means used to determining rough longitude int he old days was to take a measurement of the variation. True North can easily be measured by the north star in the Northern hemisphere and magnetic north by a compass. This difference combined with a variation map of the world allowed approximate longitude determination. The method was rudimentary at best and provided no accuracy.
On that same topic and quite interesting also is that a very accurate global map of variation exists today and is programmed into every magnetic field chip used to determine compass directions. Your smart phone can tell you magnetic North and this is measured by the electronics measuring the earth’s magnetic field. To go from magnetic north to true north, the phone needs to know where on the planet it is. Once this is known (usually via GPS measurement) it applies the known table of variations and can then show also true north.
Here is also a great website resource to see your position on earth but also find your variation.
It’s astounding to know that these guys back in the 1700′s knew all this and were the discoverers of this knowledge. Another part of this whole story is bought to life by Cook’s first voyage in 1769 to Tahiti. He was sent there by the Royal Astronomical society to measure the times that Venus was to transit the sun. This was predicted by Haley more than 40 years earlier. By comparing the measurement of times of the transit from many different locations on the planet, the mathematicians of that time were able to calculate the distance to the sun. AND the nailed it within hundredths of a percent.
Here is the picture I took of Cook’s Monument in Tahiti at the place where he measured the transit of Venus across the sun in 1769.
Cook himself used John Harrisons Chronometer (Watch) on his second voyage around the world. Cook’s logbook notes about 6 months into the trip, said that he believed more and more that Harrisons time piece was to be the way of the future.
I really hoped you enjoyed this little trip through the discovery of knowledge that we all use today virtually in our everyday lives. Whether we are aware of it or not, Latitude and Longitude is touching us manytimes every day in our every way.
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Global Director of Education
P.S – If you are interested in Navigation, take our Coastal Navigation Course
Coastal Navigation Course